What Is Morphine Addiction?
Morphine Addictions: Signs, Dangers and Recovery
What is Morphine?
Morphine is an opiate drug prescribed by a physician to relieve severe pain. Morphine takes its name from Morpheus, the Greek god of dreams, due to its euphoric properties which are often described by users as a dreamlike state. The drug can be taken in the form of a tablet, syrup, injection or smoked.
Morphine has the potential to be highly addictive, as tolerance to it develops rapidly. In the United States, morphine is listed as a Schedule II drug that is used to treat moderate, severe, and chronic pain. It is also used for pain relief after major surgeries, treatment for cancer-related pain, and shortness of breath at the end of a patient’s life.
Morphine is also readily available on the streets as an illicit drug. Some of the common street or slang names for morphine include: M, Miss Emma, monkey, roxanol and white stuff. Morphine is a naturally occurring substance extracted from either the opium poppy plant or concentrated poppy straw. Its chemical makeup is similar to heroin, as they are both extracted from the same plant.
Morphine Effects & Dangers
As a narcotic drug, morphine is often abused for its pleasurable effects. Those suffering from chronic pain also have the potential to misuse their medication, which increases their likelihood of developing a substance use disorder.
Immediate common effects of morphine use include:
- Pain relief
- Sleepiness or unusual drowsiness
- Reduced anxiety
- False or unusual sense of well-being
- Relaxed or calm feeling
- Slowed breathing
- Inability to concentrate
- Itchy skin
- Severe respiratory depression
- Decreased sexual drive/performance
- Dry mouth
- Mood changes
- Chest pain
- Rapid heartbeats
Although morphine is a legal substance when prescribed, it is a heavily regulated one.
Those who abuse morphine in high doses put themselves at an extremely high risk of overdose. Signs of a morphine overdose include:
- slurred speech
- intense drowsiness
- elevated blood pressure
- increased thirst
- lower back or side pain
- decrease in responsiveness
- extreme sleepiness
- swelling of the face and extremities
- no movement
- slowed breathing
- muscle cramps, spasms, pain, or stiffness
These symptoms are because morphine depresses the central nervous system. Overdosing on morphine can lead to unconsciousness, coma or slowed breathing to the point of death.
Recognizing the Signs of Morphine Abuse and Addiction
Addiction to morphine typically begins with a tolerance — needing larger doses of morphine to feel its effects. Once a tolerance develops, users will experience withdrawal symptoms when they don’t take enough morphine, making it hard to quit. In many cases, the psychological dependence on morphine develops soon after the physical one.
Someone addicted to morphine will compulsively look for and abuse it, ignoring the negative consequences. They will also usually make repeated unsuccessful attempts to stop using.
Prolonged morphine use can lead to many negative side effects, not least of which is addiction. Other damaging effects include damage to veins at injection sites and substance-induced mood disorders like depression.
Long-term side effects of morphine use include:
- Suppressed immune system
- Severe constipation
- Collapsed veins
Morphine Withdrawal and Detox
Once someone is addicted to morphine, they need the drug to feel “normal.” Morphine withdrawal symptoms start to take place as soon as 6-12 hours after the last dose. These symptoms will worsen until they peak between 36-72 hours (after the last dose). Morphine users build a tolerance fairly quickly, so withdrawal can set in even if someone hasn’t been using the drug for very long. Early onset withdrawal symptoms include watery eyes, yawning and sneezing.
Withdrawal from morphine feels a lot like withdrawal from heroin. The symptoms often include:
- Depression and anxiety
- Abdominal cramps
- Muscle spasms
- Chills and sweating
- Nausea and vomiting
- Body aches
Morphine detox is not just uncomfortable, it is also potentially dangerous, and even life threatening. Quitting morphine ‘cold turkey’ can increase inflammation and potentially cause damage to healthy brain cells. The Lighthouse Bali is one of the few rehabs in Bali able to offer a medically assisted detox. A medically assisted detox is the most comfortable and the safest way to stop using Morphine.
Post-Acute Withdrawal Symptoms (PAWS)
Post-acute withdrawal symptoms often continue to occur for six months or longer after ceasing Morphine use. Symptoms of PAWS include:
- Persistent anxiety
- Chronic insomnia
- Difficulty performing complex tasks
- Poor concentration
- Loss of sex drive
Inpatient Care and Rehab
The Lighthouse Bali’s proven combination of an initial Primary Inpatient Program*1 followed by Outpatient Care and Ongoing Therapy has helped Morphine addicts from around the world get their lives back on track. Through individually tailored treatment, professional therapy, and compassionate support, you will be given the tools you need to ensure the best possible chances of a long term recovery.
If you are concerned about yourself or a loved one, we urge you to reach out and contact us in confidence. Our private programs are tailormade to suit individual needs and our doctorate level clinical staff have extensive experience in the field of addiction. If you are not currently in Bali but would like to begin a recovery program immediately, we also have online recovery options available which can be taken in this interim period before Bali reopens international borders.
To talk to one of our team members, contact us on WhatsApp or by Phone. Alternatively, send us an email and we will either answer your questions in writing or call you back, according to your preference – contact us –
We understand how difficult it can be to reach out for help but it’s the first step towards recovery and a happier, healthier way of living.
*1 The duration of Primary Inpatient Programs and Outpatient Care varies according to individual circumstances. Both Inpatient and Outpatient treatment is based around monthly (28 day) increments. As a general guideline we recommend between one to three months Primary Inpatient Programs for Morphine users, followed by one to two months Outpatient Care in Bali, and up to six months of ongoing therapy (by Zoom or Skype from home). The longer you stay in rehab, the better your chances of staying clean when you return home.
Lysergic acid diethylamide, commonly referred to as “LSD” or “acid,” is a psychedelic hallucinogen that produces changes in perception, sense of time and space and emotions. LSD is active at very small doses (around 20 micrograms). The drug is most commonly taken orally, in the form of tablets, droplets, or most commonly blotter paper that is absorbed on the tongue and swallowed.
Although LSD is considered to be a non-addictive drug, users often become addicted to the sights, sounds, and revelations they experience while under the influence, also called “tripping.” Users can develop both a tolerance and a psychological dependence to psychedelic drugs like LSD. There have been documented cases of prolonged, intense use causing negative side effects such as paranoia or psychosis.
Ecstasy is the street name for a version of MDMA, chemically known as methylenedioxy-methamphetamine. It is an illegal, synthetic drug classified as a stimulant with potentially hallucinogenic properties. Molly is another name for MDMA. Both ecstasy and molly are made from MDMA, but ecstasy is used to describe a ‘designer’ version in pill or tablet form, while molly is the name used for the white powder or crystal-like substance.
Although molly is marketed as a pure form of MDMA, because it is a white powder there is no way to tell if it is actually pure or if it has been ‘cut’ (mixed with) other substances, which can commonly include:
Alcohol is a legal, controlled substance that lowers anxiety and inhibitions. It also has a broad range of side effects, from loss of coordination to slurred speech. Not everyone who drinks is an alcoholic, but anyone whose life is negatively affected by alcohol on a consistent basis is considered to have an alcohol use disorder. Alcohol is commonly consumed as a drink in various forms, including beer, wine and hard liquor.